Coping strategies of traditionally and nontraditionally employed women at home and at work.
Koch-PB; Boose-LA; Cohn-MD; Mansfield-PK; Vicary-JR; Young-EW
Health Values 1991 Jan; 15(1):19-31
A study was conducted to examined the stress reported by women employed in traditional as well as nontraditional occupations. In particular, attention was given to the different types of coping techniques used by these groups of women as they face stressors at work and at home. The study revealed that the home stress experienced by both the traditionally and nontraditionally employed women was similar; with both groups identifying the three most stressful aspects of their home life as finances, balancing job and home, and housework. Those holding nontraditional job roles expressed a higher degree of stress than did those with the more traditional jobs. Both groups of women used significantly fewer problem focused and more emotion focused strategies to deal with their stress at home than at work. Traditionally employed women used significantly fewer problem focused strategies than their nontraditionally employed counterparts at both home and work. Guidelines for the development and implementation of stress management programs included a thorough assessment of the unique stresses that each employed woman encounters in both her home and work situation, the teaching of an entire repertoire of coping strategies that can be used, the recognition of coping as situation specific and temporal, and the cooperation of employees and employers in changing negative aspects of the work environment that contribute to stress.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Emotional-stress; Coping-behavior; Attitude; Sex-factors; Epidemiology
Nursing Pennsylvania State University 303-304 Human Development East University Park, PA 16802
Pennsylvania State University Park, University Park, Pennsylvania