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Effects of nickel on microtubule assembly and the possible mechanisms of nickel-induced perturbation in microtubule organization.

Authors
Lin-KC; Chou-GI
Source
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 1991 Aug; :1-63
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00203298
Abstract
To understand the mechanism of the nickel (7440020) induced change in microtubules (MTs), the effect of nickel at 0.01 to 3.0 millimolar (mM) concentrations was investigated on the kinetic parameters of in-vitro MT polymerization. Nickel-chloride (7718549) induced MT bundling in 3T3 cells. This change was both time and concentration related, and was reversible on removal of nickel from the incubation medium. Nickel had a stimulatory effect on the polymerization process of MTs in-vitro. The combination of a shortened lag time, an increase in the initial rate and the final extent of MT assembly indicates that nickel may exert its effect at the initial nucleation phase. A decrease in the critical concentration of MT protein necessary for initiation of MT assembly and an increase in the number of effective initiation centers in the presence of nickel as examined by electron microscopy confirmed the finding that nickel exerts its effect at the initial nucleation phase. MTs polymerized in-vitro in the presence of 2.0mM nickel were shorter and more numerous than those without nickel. No MT bundles were noted in the in-vitro polymerization product in the presence of 2.0mM nickel. Nickel also confers stability to MTs polymerized with 2.0mM nickel as evidenced by a partial resistance to the depolymerizing effect of calcium and a decrease in the rate of cold induced depolymerization.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Dermatitis; Nickel-compounds; Mammalian-cells; Cytotoxicity; In-vitro-studies; Toxic-effects
Contact
Pathology Boston Univ Sch of Med 80 E Concord St/dept Microbio Boston, MA 02118
CAS No.
7440-02-0; 7718-54-9
Publication Date
19910830
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
51845
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-136142
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-02655
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts
State
MA
Performing Organization
Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts
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