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Immuno-epidemiology of crab-induced occupational allergies.

Authors
Shy-CM; Mundt-KA
Source
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1991 Jun; :1-146
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00203297
Abstract
This report concerned an epidemiological study which compared the prevalence of occupational allergic diseases and other conditions between current and former employees in the crab processing industry to identify possible determinants of selective migration out of the workforce. Former workers were significantly younger, less productive and more likely to live a greater distance from the processing facilities than current workers. Lower respiratory symptoms, including asthma, were associated with employment status, but lacked precision in the multivariate model. These findings suggested that women leaving the crab processing industry were more likely to have allergic symptoms and hypersensitivity to crab than women remaining employed. However, nonspecific reactivity, as demonstrated by saline/glycerin and histamine skin test results, proved to be a stronger predictor of employment status. The authors conclude that selective migration out of the workforce of crab processors is a complex phenomenon associated with a variety of symptoms, immunological markers and sociodemographic variables.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Food-handlers; Food-processing-industry; Food-processing-workers; Allergic-reactions
Contact
Epidemiology University of North Carolina Dept of Epidemiology Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400
Publication Date
19910630
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
43350
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-136167
NTIS Price
A08
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-02654
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
State
NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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