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Prenatal lead exposure and bone growth.

Authors
Hamilton-JD; O'Flaherty-EJ
Source
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 1990 Jul; :1-118
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00203285
Abstract
An experimental system of lead (7439921) related prenatal and postnatal growth retardation in rats was developed. Sprague-Dawley- rats and Long-Evans-rats were used in these studies. Rats were exposed to lead in their drinking water at up to 1000 parts per million. A significant effect on fetal bone mineralization could not be excluded and there was a definite effect on fetal body weight following maternal lead exposure. Reduced food intake during the first week of lead exposure was the primary determinant of reduced body and skeletal growth in the lead exposed weanling female rats. When maternal lead exposure was continued during lactation a greater degree of lead related growth retardation in rat offspring occurred than when maternal lead exposure was terminated at parturition. Combined prenatal and postnatal lead exposure impaired bone resorption and increased growth plate widths. In studies using matrix induced endochondral bone plaques, locally applied lead enhanced plaque mineralization through comineralization of lead with calcium. When lead was administered in drinking water, plaque mineralization was also enhanced through the comineralization of lead with calcium.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Reproductive-system-disorders; Reproductive-hazards; Laboratory-animals; Lead-poisoning; Growth-inhibition; Transplacental-exposure; Heavy-metals
Contact
Environmental Health University of Cincinnati 3223 Eden Avenue Cincinnati, OH 45267
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19900724
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
43653
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-136258
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-02376
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Reproductive-system-disorders
Source Name
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
State
OH
Performing Organization
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
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