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Employee and job attributes as predictors of absenteeism in a national sample of workers: The importance of health and dangerous working conditions.

Authors
Leigh-JP
Source
Soc Sci Med 1991 Jan; 33(2):127-137
NIOSHTIC No.
00202949
Abstract
An evaluation was provided which examined the results of research investigations on employee and job characteristics which correlate with absenteeism. The sample of workers was comprised of 1308 employees who worked for at least 20 hours per week. The dependent variable was the number of self reported absences during the past 14 days. Thirty seven independent variables were considered. To assess the statistical and practical significance of possible covariates, Ordinary Least Squares, two limit Tobits, and two part models were used. The results indicated that the variable for mothers with small children ranked as the most important predictor among workers' personal characteristics. Among the health variables, insomnia, being overweight, and hazardous working conditions appeared to be the most important. Inflexible hours were apparently the most important job related variable. A number of frequently discussed predictors including race, unionization, wages and job satisfaction did not prove to be statistically significant. Health variables and hazardous conditions at the job appeared to be among the most important, yet least researched predictors of absenteeism. The author states that single equations, Tobit regressions, and two part models are complimentary research techniques in analyses of absenteeism.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Coping-behavior; Attitude; Task-performance; Work-capacity; Industrial-hazards; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Mental-stress; Job-stress
Contact
Economics San Jose State Univ Foundation One Washington Square San Jose, CA 95192-0114
CODEN
SSMDEP
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
28147.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02586
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0277-9536
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Source Name
Social Science and Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
San Jose State University, San Jose, California
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