Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

The right to know in the workplace. The moral dimension.

Authors
Millar-JD
Source
Ann NY Acad Sci 1989 Dec; 572:113-123
NIOSHTIC No.
00202336
Abstract
The nature of moral rights as it impinges on the right to know of workplace hazards was discussed. Two basic views on moral rights, consequentialist and nonconsequentialist were presented. The consequentialist theory indicated that a right exists if recognition of the right would produce the best outcome for all those affected by the exercise of that right. The nonconsequentialist theory said that rights can and do exist even if recognition of them does not produce the best general outcome. A case was presented in which retrospective cohort mortality studies produce the finding of a risk of some sort for the cohorts involved. Such findings were published in the scientific literature and elsewhere. The question then remained as to whether NIOSH, the investigating body in this case, should make the risk known to each individual member of the at risk cohort or not. Consultation with the Office of General Counsel of the Public Health Service and the CDC Ethics Committee produced two opposing views on whether to inform individuals. Various sections of the Occupational Safety and Health Act were described which deal with the worker's right to know. The author concludes that the framers of OSHA intended for workers to be informed of their risks. It is better by far for reasons of stable public policy that one build a general public consensus among the well informed and well meaning citizenry.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; Legislation; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-hazards; Risk-factors; Regulations; Worker-health; Occupational-health
CODEN
ANYAA9
Publication Date
19891229
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780897665230
ISSN
0077-8923
Source Name
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
State
GA
TOP