Occupational safety and health standards.
Lemen-RA; Mazzuckelli-LF; Niemeier-RW; Ahlers-HW
Ann NY Acad Sci 1989 Dec; 572:100-106
An approach toward developing a safe and healthful workplace through greater use of generic standards as opposed to developing standards and recommendations on a substance by substance basis was described and discussed. Generic standards may be appropriate in such areas as cholinesterase inhibiting substances, neurotoxic agents, reproductive hazards, cold environments, and vibration syndrome among others. Developing standards based on individual substances often does not allow for the role of synergism. It is important that those responsible for regulating the workplace examine the processes or conditions found therein. A second approach would be to address groups of similar substances. A third comprehensive approach would be to look at general categories of hazards as has been done with the generic carcinogens and the hazards communication rule. Finally, the idea of risk must be considered in the development of any standard.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; Legislation; Industrial-hazards; Regulations; Toxic-materials; Occupational-health; Cold-environments; Cholinesterase-inhibitors; Vibration-exposure
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences