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Generic standards: prospects and pitfalls.

Authors
Bell-RH
Source
Ann NY Acad Sci 1989 Dec; 572:90-92
NIOSHTIC No.
00202333
Abstract
A generic standard was defined as one which regulates similar situations or several chemical compounds through a single rule making procedure. Two types of generic standards were reviewed: a generic communications standard and a generic chemical class standard. The generic communications standard served as a guide for information sharing and had as its advantages flexibility, opportunity for professional judgment, a basis for consistency in evaluation, and provisions for timely updating. Disadvantages included the potential for public confusion and difficulty in enforcement. A generic chemical class standard groups chemicals with similar structures, toxic endpoints or physical properties which can be regulated through a single rule. In practice it has been difficult to get agreement on which chemicals are to be regulated or how. As a comment against the generic standard for chemical compounds, it was noted that toxic properties of a molecule can change greatly with relatively small changes in structure. The authors also discussed mathematical models to assess quantitative cancer risk.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; Legislation; Industrial-hazards; Regulations; Occupational-health; Toxic-materials; Carcinogens; Hazardous-materials
CODEN
ANYAA9
Publication Date
19891229
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780897665230
ISSN
0077-8923
Source Name
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
State
NY
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