Occupational diseases: new workforces, new workplaces.
Ann NY Acad Sci 1989 Dec; 572:46-54
This report dealt with the impact of three rapid changes in occupational health in the future and with new techniques for recognizing and dealing with health effects in the workplace. The three changes relate to the workforce, the workplace, and the definition of adverse health effects in working populations. One area of change was that demographically the workforce has become less homogenous as a result of several socioeconomic factors. The use of new substances and new uses of old materials being exploited in new industries was another area of change. Fundamentally all the changes will likely make disease detection and prevention more complex. The authors conclude that to avoid repeating the past, several changes are needed in health policy and strategy. More anticipation should be given to the introduction of new substances or new organisms into the workplace so that provision can be made for the timely accumulation of the necessary toxicological data to assess possible risks. The authors stress that it is critical that the information forcing principles of the Toxic Substances Control Act be activated to obtain the needed information to reach reasonable decisions about risk before such compounds become widely dispersed in commerce and the environment.
NIOSH-Publication; Sociological-factors; Worker-health; Occupational-diseases; Hazardous-materials; Toxic-materials; Biohazards; Demographic-characteristics
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences