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Physical activity during pregnancy and birth weight.

Authors
Sweeney-AM; LaPorte-RE; Cauley-JA; Aarons-JH
Source
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1991 Feb; :1-28
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00200825
Abstract
A prospective study was undertaken of 189 indigent black and white women receiving prenatal care at a clinic. The various activities in which these women were involved were carefully measured including occupational, recreational and household activities. About 40% of the women had worked outside the home during pregnancy. Average weekly kilocalorie expenditure levels for each of the three types of activity were calculated each trimester. Increased total weekly physical activity levels were associated with decreased birth weight among black women, but not among white women. A difference in activity patterns of housekeeping existed between blacks and whites and it was this activity which was related to decreased birth weight among the blacks. This effect persisted after controlling for maternal height, smoking habits, prepregnant weight, and gestational weight gain. Predictors of decreased birth weight among whites included smoking, prepregnant weight and gestational weight gain.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Reproductive-system-disorders; Physical-exercise; Reproductive-hazards; Growth-inhibition; Racial-factors; Physical-exercise; Cigarette-smoking
Contact
Epidemiology Diabetes Research Center 3600 Forbes Ave, Suite 502 Pittsburgh, PA 15261
Publication Date
19910207
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
36629
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-109263
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-02631
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
State
PA
Performing Organization
University of Pittsburgh at Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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