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The Occupational Cancer Incidence Surveillance Study (OCISS): risk of lung cancer by usual occupation and industry in the Detroit metropolitan area.

Authors
Burns-PB; Swanson-GM
Source
Am J Ind Med 1991 May; 19(5):655-671
NIOSHTIC No.
00200153
Abstract
Through the use of a case/referent analysis, new occupations and industries were identified in which lung cancer risk was elevated. Support was also provided for previous studies that have suggested certain workplace risks for lung cancer, and differences in occupational lung cancer risks between black and white males were noted. Occupational histories and tobacco use habits were obtained by telephone interview for 5,935 incident lung cancer case and 3,956 incident colon and rectum cancer referents. The analysis included 43 usual occupational groups and 48 usual industry groups comprised of at least ten cases. Significant elevated risks were noted for excavating and mining workers, furnace workers, armed services personnel, agricultural workers, driver sales, mechanics, painters, and drivers. Industries with significant elevated lung cancer risks included farming, mining, and primary ferrous metals manufacturing. The excess of lung cancer among mechanics was noted among black males. For armed services personnel the risk of lung cancer among black men was higher than among white men. The authors note that five of the occupations observed more often among lung cancer cases have probable exposure to diesel exhaust.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Cancer; Respiratory-system-disorders; Risk-factors; Lung-cancer; Cancer-rates; Diesel-emissions; Mining-industry; Military-personnel; Agricultural-workers; Racial-factors
Contact
Epdiemiology Michigan Cancer Foundation 110 East Warren Avenue Detroit, Mich 48201
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
19910501
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1233788.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02067
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
MI
Performing Organization
Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit, Michigan
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