Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Cumulative trauma disorders of the upper extremity. A preventive strategy is needed.

Authors
Silverstein-BA; Fine-LJ
Source
J Occup Med 1991 May; 33(5):642-644
NIOSHTIC No.
00199743
Abstract
Support was offered from clinical, laboratory and epidemiological studies that cumulative trauma disorders may be caused, aggravated, or precipitated by forceful, repetitive, or sustained static activities, particularly in combination with awkward postures occurring over time with insufficient recovery time. Several prospective studies have been recently reported which were cited as supporting this thesis. Possible limitations of these studies were briefly described. Of the 20 facilities visited, initial walk through surveys revealed that seven of these facilities did not have enough active workers in jobs in each of the four exposure categories. Subject selection included being an active worker who worked currently and for at least 1 year before the study, on a job that met one of four categories of hand force and repetitiveness. Because only active workers who had been on one of the study jobs for at least one year before the study were included the prevalence of cumulative trauma disorders were probably underestimated. The results did not note a strong association between the measures of hand force and repetitiveness and disorders of the neck, shoulder, or elbow/forearm. Since upper extremity postures were not considered in the exposure categorization, it was possible that someone in a low force low repetitive job may have been exposed to other potential work related risk factors such as extreme postures or localized mechanical stress against soft tissues.
Keywords
JOCMA7; NIOSH-Author; Epidemiology; Posture; Muscle-stress; Job-stress; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Traumatic-injuries; Repetitive-work; Assembly-line-workers; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome
CODEN
JOCMA7
Publication Date
19910501
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0096-1736
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Source Name
Journal of Occupational Medicine
State
WA; OH
TOP