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Psychophysical Basis for Manual Lifting Guidelines.

Authors
Ayoub-MM
Source
NIOSH 1989 Feb:104 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00199706
Abstract
The biomechanical approach to manual lifting tasks has attempted to estimate worker capacity based on stresses imposed on the musculoskeletal system of the worker. The physiological approach estimates capacity by assessing metabolic energy expenditure. The psychological approach estimates capacity based on subjective evaluation of effort under different job conditions. The principle of psychophysics uses the human capability to judge the subjectively perceived strain at work in order to determine voluntarily accepted work stresses. The industrial task must be simulated as realistically as possible. Factors which affect lifting tasks included factors related to the individual, to the task, to the material being lifted, to the container, and to various environmental conditions. Psychophysical design criteria discussed include the lifting capacity data base, the Liberty Mutual Data Base, the Texas Tech Data Base, the comprehensive data base, and models to predict lifting capacity. The relationship between lifting strength and capacity was considered, specifically lifting strength and lifting capacity, and muscle strength, isometric strength, isokinetic strength, isoinertial strength, and static and dynamic strength. Advantages and disadvantages of the psychophysical approach were discussed.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Work-capability; Task-performance; Biomechanics; Ergonomics; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Muscle-function; Attitude; Job-stress; Manual-materials-handling; Manual-lifting;
Publication Date
19890201
Document Type
Final Contract Report;
Fiscal Year
1989
NTIS Accession No.
PB91-226266
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
Task-Order-88-79313
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Disease and Injury;
Source Name
NIOSH Purchase Order Report 88-79313, 104 pages, 211 references
State
TX;
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