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High-Speed, High-Resolution X-Ray Computed Tomographs in the Diagnosis of Pneumoconiosis.

Authors
Shida-H; Chiyotani-K; Hosoda-Y
Source
NIOSH 1990 Nov:1211-1220
NIOSHTIC No.
00198771
Abstract
A comparative study of the ability of high speed, high resolution computed tomography and chest X-rays to detect abnormalities in persons with pneumoconioses was conducted. The study group consisted of 108 patients with silicosis, asbestosis, welder's lung, foundry worker's lung, or activated carbon pneumoconiosis, the radiographic profusions of which ranged from 0/1 to 3/3 on the 1980 International Labour Organization scale. High speed, high resolution X-ray computed tomographic scans of the lungs were performed. Their ability to detect bullae, blebs, pulmonary emphysema, honeycombing, pneumothorax, pleural thickening and plaque formation, coalescence of nodules, and egg shell calcifications was compared with that of posterior/anterior chest X-rays. The tomographic scans detected 24 cases of bullae, 28 of blebs, 13 of pulmonary emphysema, nine of honeycombing, three of pneumothorax, 16 of pleural thickening and plaque formation, four of nodular coalescence, and 14 of egg shell calcification. The X-rays detected three cases of bullae, two of blebbing, none of pulmonary emphysema, five of honeycombing, two of pneumothorax, five of pleural thickening and plaque formation, two of nodular coalescence, and seven of egg shell calcification. The authors conclude that high speed, high resolution computed tomography has high detectability for abnormalities of the pulmonary parenchyma or interstitium and pleura. Computed tomography should greatly increase the sensitivity of imaging techniques for detecting pneumoconioses.
Keywords
Visual-images; Chest-X-rays; X-ray-analysis; Clinical-diagnosis; Lung-lesions; Respiratory-system-disorders; Occupational-medicine;
Publication Date
19901101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 90-108
Priority Area
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Disease and Injury; Respiratory-system-disorders;
Source Name
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference
State
PA;
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