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Intervention factors for promoting adjustment to nightwork and shiftwork.

Authors
Rosa-RR; Bonnet-MH; Bootzin-RR; Eastman-CI; Monk-T; Penn-PE; Tepas-DI; Walsh-JK
Source
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1990 Apr; 5(2):391-415
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00198170
Abstract
Intervention factors for promoting adjustment to nightwork and shiftwork were examined. The physiological and behavioral factors which were considered for possible control and manipulation to reduce fatigue and enhance alertness included: work schedule design such as shift rotation factors and compressed workweeks; rest sleep scheduling during shiftwork including prophylactic naps, replacement, and maintenance naps; environmental stimuli including ambient temperature and bright light; physical activity and conditioning including time of day of work, length of work period, and the physical condition of workers; pharmacological aids such as prescription sedative hypnotics and their effects on daytime sleep, and nocturnal alertness; over the counter sedative hypnotics; side effects and abuse potential of sedative hypnotics; prescription central nervous system stimulants; pharmacological manipulation of the circadian sleep wake cycle; diet including changes in eating and drinking behavior, and manipulating eating and drinking behavior; and individual behavioral techniques. The authors conclude that the relative merits of the described interventions need to be considered and a balance observed between their effectiveness at improving safety, health, and well being and their practicality.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Circadian-rhythms; Occupational-health; Worker-health; Occupational-medicine; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Biological-rhythms; Sleep-deprivation; Coping-behavior; Work-operations; Physiological-fatigue
CODEN
SAOME4
Publication Date
19900401
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Scott-AJ
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781560530350
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0885-114X
NIOSH Division
DBBS
Source Name
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. Shiftwork
State
OH
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