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Reducing back stress to nursing personnel: an ergonomic intervention in a nursing home.

Authors
Garg-A; Owen-BD
Source
Industrial and Systems Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1991 Jan; :1-58
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00197967
Abstract
A prospective epidemiologic study was conducted at a nursing home to determine the effects of an ergonomic intervention strategy to reduce back stress. The study was conducted in two units with 140 beds and 57 nursing assistants. The program involved determining patient handling tasks perceived to be most stressful by the nursing assistants; performing an ergonomic evaluation of these tasks; and conducting a laboratory study to select patient transferring devices perceived to produce less physical stress than existing manual patient handling methods. The incidence rate for back injuries prior to the intervention was 83 per 200,000 work hours. This figure decreased to 47 per 200,000 work hours after the intervention. No injuries resulting in lost or restricted work days occurred during the last 4 months of the post intervention period. The authors conclude that an appropriate ergonomic intervention program offers great promise in reducing physical stress and risk of low back pain to nursing personnel.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-200-86-2923; Health-care-personnel; Nurses; Ergonomics; Human-factors-engineering; Posture; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Manual-lifting
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB91-185272
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Contract-200-86-2923
Source Name
Industrial and Systems Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
State
WI
Performing Organization
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
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