Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Vibration characteristics of the hand and arm. Report No. 7. Hand- arm vibration: a review of three years research.

Authors
Reynolds-DD
Source
Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 1975 Oct; :1-90
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00197936
Abstract
The transmission of vibration energy from a vibrating tool handle to the hand and arm was investigated. The mechanical model of the hand that was developed during the study described the physical orientation and coupling that exist between the epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous and muscle tissues and the skeletal system in the fingers and hand. The results of the mechanical impedance tests and the curve fitting suggest that the vibration response of the hand due to a vibration input to the hand was primarily indicative of only the local response characteristics of the hand and fingers. Most of the energy directed into the hand and fingers at frequencies above 100 hertz (Hz) for vibration in the vertical direction and at all frequencies for vibration in the horizontal and axial directions was either absorbed or dissipated in the hand and arm. Vibration at frequencies above 100Hz that was directed into the hand and/or fingers was isolated to the hand and fingers. Vibration at frequencies above 150 to 200Hz tended to be isolated to the areas of the hand and fingers in contact with the handle. The attenuation of vibration up the arm occurred in the tissue adjacent to the bone and not in the bone itself. Ruffini's endings and joint capsules and Meissner's corpuscles were responsible for an individual's subjective response to low frequency discrete frequency hand induced vibration. An individual's response to broad band hand induced vibration was determined by the response characteristics of tonic receptors.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Hand-tools; Power-tools; Vibration-exposure; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Construction-industry
Contact
Architectural Engineering University of Texas 307 Taylor Hall Austin, Tex 78712
Publication Date
19751029
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
78033
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1976
NTIS Accession No.
PB91-188912
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00470
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Grants-other
Source Name
Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
State
TX
Performing Organization
University of Texas Austin, Austin, Texas
TOP