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Respiratory symptoms and lung function in hemp workers.

Authors
Zuskin-E; Kanceljak-B; Pokrajac-D; Schachter-EN; Witek-TJ Jr.
Source
Br J Ind Med 1990 Sep; 47(9):627-632
NIOSHTIC No.
00197400
Abstract
An investigation of hemp workers was conducted to establish the current prevalence of respiratory symptoms in this industry and to better characterize abnormalities of ventilatory capacity in hemp workers. Two groups of female hemp workers employed in two different mills (46 in mill-A, 38 in mill-B), and a group of 27 male hemp workers employed in mill-A were included in the investigation. The analysis of lung function indicated that exposure to hemp dust was associated with the development of a high prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms. The prevalence of byssinosis among these workers was high and similar to those reported by other investigators. Of the female workers at mill-A and mill-B, 47.8 and 57.9% had byssinosis, respectively, while 66.7% of the male workers examined had byssinosis. Acute symptoms noted during the work shift were very common in this investigation. From these results the authors state that either hemp dust is a very potent airway irritant or that the industries concerned with the processing of this vegetable product are significantly more dusty or less well regulated than comparable nonhemp mills.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Respiratory-system-disorders; Plant-dusts; Airborne-dusts; Lung-disease; Lung-irritants; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Airway-obstruction
Contact
Medicine Mount Sinai Medical Center One Gustave L Levy Place New York, N Y 10029
CODEN
BJIMAG
Publication Date
19900901
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
709316
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02593
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0007-1072
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
British Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NY
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
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