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Anthropometry and Biomechanics of Selected Populations. Final Report.

Authors
Snyder-RG
Source
Highway Safety Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1977 Oct:65 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00197237
Abstract
Literature and data were reviewed which were relevant to the anthropometric and biomechanical aspects of human factors such as range of motion, strength, and kinematics of the body under various working conditions. Emphasis was particularly placed on women, pregnant women, the handicapped or disabled, the obese, and the elderly, in determining their abilities to perform occupational tasks. Few investigations have addressed the abilities of the amputee to steer and brake commercial vehicles; however, additional investigations of paraplegics/quadriplegics were underway. The problems associated with left handedness have been virtually ignored in most human engineering design handbooks. For females, the literature on body strength has not been extensive. There have been almost no biomechanical, range of motion, strength, or human factors investigations of the elderly female. Limited attention has been given to the particularly difficulties encountered by the pregnant woman, but it was noted that there is still a need for further research. Elderly males have seldom been evaluated as a separate population group. No comparable investigations for the obese were noted. Major areas where research is needed in this field were identified.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-77-12126; Ergonomics; Body-mechanics; Posture; Musculoskeletal-system; Anatomy; Anthropometry;
Publication Date
19771031
Document Type
Final Contract Report;
Funding Type
Contract;
Fiscal Year
1978
NTIS Accession No.
PB-299287
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Contract-77-12126
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities; Disease and Injury; Musculoskeletal-system;
Source Name
Highway Safety Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
State
MI;
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