Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Jobs and Family Stress and Women's Work Performance.

Authors
Mansfield-PK; Vicary-JR
Source
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 1989 Apr:201 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00192332
Abstract
Data were gathered concerning coping behaviors as indicated by accident rates, illness, or drug and alcohol abuse in an effort to determine more completely the roles played by home and work factors in working women's job performance. A process model was proposed which suggested that work and home environments were related to stress and therefore to certain repertoires of behaviors in a manner which reflected individual differences. These relationships were tested by measuring workplace stress and satisfaction factors, home stress and satisfaction factors, personal factors, and dysfunctional coping behaviors. A cohort of 589 working women was recruited and 36 women from a subsample were interviewed to validate the accuracy of self reports and the reliability of the instruments used. The study participants were union members in traditional and nontraditional jobs including clerical workers, transit workers and tradeswomen. Discriminant analyses were used to identify subgroupings of subjects according to their work and home environments and particular coping repertoires. The results indicated that 83 percent of the sample considered themselves in good or excellent health. Role strain and family stress were the predictors most frequently related to health dependent variables. Women in different family configurations experienced significantly different levels of family satisfaction but not of family stress. Work environment was often as important as home environment in determining the levels of home and family satisfaction and stress experienced by employed women.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-stress; Attitude; Job-stress; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Sex-factors; Sociological-factors;
Contact
Nursing Pennsylvania State University 303-304 Human Development East University Park, PA 16802
Publication Date
19890413
Document Type
Final Grant Report;
Funding Amount
141486.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1989
NTIS Accession No.
PB90-154600
NTIS Price
A11
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02162
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders; Special Populations; Work Environment and Workforce;
Source Name
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
State
PA;
Performing Organization
Pennsylvania State University Park, University Park, Pennsylvania
TOP