Specific illnesses, injuries, and job hazards associated with absenteeism.
J Occup Med 1989 Sep; 31(9):792-797
A national probability sample of data on 36 illnesses and injuries and 17 job hazards was used to study associations of these instances with absenteeism. The data were taken from the University of Michigan's Quality of Employment Survey for 1977. The survey was administered to a cross section of 1515 employees who worked for pay for at least 20 hours a week. Respondents were asked several questions regarding absences, illnesses and injuries, and job conditions. Absences occurred most frequently among craftsmen, operatives and laborers and least frequently among clerical and sales workers. The greatest number of dangerous conditions were reported by craftsmen, operatives and laborers. Leading the list of illnesses and injury complaints for women were injuries from strain, back injury, and colds and flu. Leading the list for men were back injury, fractures, and chemical burns. The leading job hazards for women were working in an awkward position, using dangerous methods and stress. For men these factors included dangerous machines, exertion and dangerous methods. The authors caution that many of the problems encountered on the job which contribute to death, but not necessarily to absences, were not included in these findings.
JOCMA7; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Accident-statistics; Accident-analysis; Worker-health; Back-injuries; Job-stress; Sex-factors; Industrial-factory-workers; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Economics San Jose State Univ Foundation One Washington Square San Jose, CA 95192-0114
Journal of Occupational Medicine
San Jose State University, San Jose, California