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The Use of Biomechanical Profiles in Rehabilitation.

Authors
Tichauer-ER
Source
Rehabilitation after Central Nervous System Trauma, Skandia International Symposia, September 25-27, 1973, Stockholm 1974:139-160
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00190563
Abstract
The results of ergometry, electrogoniometry, and electromyography were combined to produce a biomechanical profile which was useful for the objective assessment of motor aptitudes and skills in healthy workers and rehabilitees. The ergograph measured range and strength of joint movement as well as fatigue observed in a large number of human motions. The electrogoniometer was designed as an improvement over the earlier ergograph and permits the more direct measurement of joint movement. Electromyography has been used to measure activity in human muscles during movement and related generation of myoelectricity to kinesiological events. Measuring the Biomechanical Profile of individuals afflicted with neural and/or muscular disease exhibits striking diagnostic features when compared to that gathered from a healthy individual in good training. Profiles were compared from a healthy individual and a patient suffering from beginning Parkinsonism. A few weeks after treatment was started with L-Dopa, changes for the better began to appear in the readings. Another area of interest for using this biomechanical profile is in the monitoring of pharmacokinesiological side effects of various drugs. These measurements also may assist in determining the placement of a rehabilitee in industry by predicting with some degree of reliability his endurance while performing a specific task. The biomechanical profiles of industrial elements and hand tools were briefly considered.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Ergonomics; Biomechanics; Muscle-function; Musculoskeletal-system; Physiological-measurements; Traumatic-injuries; Electrophysiological-effects; Worker-health;
Contact
Rehabilitation Medicine New York University Med Ctr 400 East 34 Street New York, N Y 10016
Publication Date
19740101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Funding Amount
477334.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-OH-00103
Priority Area
Grants-other
Source Name
Rehabilitation after Central Nervous System Trauma, Skandia International Symposia, September 25-27, 1973, Stockholm
State
NY;
Performing Organization
New York University, New York, New York
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