Occupational differences in disability awards, benefit application, and awareness of the social security administration disability program.
Differences in disability awards from the Social Security Administration (SSA) in different occupational groups were investigated by assessing factors which were associated with these awards, such as evidence of excess risk, and the influence of demographic, occupational and medical factors on awareness, application, and receipt of the benefits. The data base for the analysis was taken from an SSA 1978 survey of work and disability. Bivariate analyses indicated that there were few differences among workers in various occupations with regard to awareness of the SSA disability benefit program, in application for disability benefits, or in disability awards. The use of multivariate analyses which adjusted for demographic and medical factors also indicated that there were only a few occupational differences among the dependent variables. The Continuous Disability Health Sample (CDHS), which was an administrative data base maintained by SSA, has indicated there are occupational differences in disabling illness, but the current review indicated these are not a function of lack of awareness of the SSA program or less frequent application for benefits.