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Study shows that gender is not a major factor in accident etiology.

Authors
Ballau-RL; Buchan-RM
Source
Occup Health Saf 1978 Sep; 47(5):54-58
NIOSHTIC No.
00187030
Abstract
Gender was investigated as a factor in occupational accidents, using Colorado Workmen's Compensation data for the precision instrument manufacturing group for 1975 and 1976. The number of accidents reported and the total number of men and women employed in the precision instrument manufacturing industry were used to calculate accident frequency rates. Companies were stratified by industry size. Other factors investigated included age, marital status, occupation, length of service in the occupation, length of service with the company, nature of the injury, body part injured, injury source, type of accident, hazardous condition causing the injury, and the time. There were no strikingly significant differences between accident rates of women and men. There was a significant difference in accident frequency rates by sized of industry for all workers; companies with 50 to 99 workers had significantly higher rates in 1976 that other companies. There were statistically sex differences in accident rates for age, occupation, and body part involved. More than half of the accidents occurred in workers with less than 1 year of service. The authors recommend that the capabilities of each individual worker and the aspects of the working situation be considered. Data indicated the need for new employee training programs and thorough supervision of workers, particularly in the middle sized companies.
Keywords
IOHSA5; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Accident-prevention; Accident-analysis; Sex-factors; Education
Contact
Microbiology Colorado State University Department of Microbiology Fort Collins, Colo 80523
CODEN
OHSADQ
Publication Date
19780901
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
906250
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1978
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-OH-07039
Issue of Publication
5
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Source Name
Occupational Health and Safety
State
CO
Performing Organization
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
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