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Epidemiologic studies of low-back pain.

Authors
Frymoyer-JW; Pope-MH; Costanza-MC; Rosen-JC; Goggin-JE; Wilder-DG
Source
Spine 1980 Sep-Oct; 5(5):419-423
NIOSHTIC No.
00185851
Abstract
Risk factors associated with low back disorders have been examined using the records of 3920 patients over the age of 18 years who entered a model family practice unit during the period from 1975 to 1978. The daily activities and characteristics of each of the individuals was divided into various risk factors including sedentary and driving occupations, drivers of trucks, hours of sitting, number of term pregnancies, vibration exposure not incurred while driving, lifting, carrying, pushing, smoking, sports, stressful events, bending, twisting, and pulling. Each of the patients was detailed regarding sex, age, reported incidents of low back pain, episodes of low back pain necessitating medical attention, referral to specialists, hospitalization, number of weeks lost from work, and precipitating life events. Psychological factors which appeared to be linked to low back pain included anxiety, depression, and stressful life events. Even so, a direct cause and effect relationship was not demonstrated by this study. Truck driving, lifting, carrying, pushing, pulling, bending, twisting, and vibration exposures were all identified as having significant relation to low back pain. An unexpected finding was an association between smoking and low backpain. One reason for this connection may be the existence of a chronic cough among the smokers which resulted in mechanical stresses placed on the lower portion of the back.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Back-injuries; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Sex-factors; Cigarette-smoking
Contact
Orthopaedic Surgery University of Vermont Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery Burlington, VT 05401
CODEN
SPINDD
Publication Date
19800901
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
673379
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1980
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00745
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0362-2436
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Source Name
Spine
State
VT
Performing Organization
University of Vermont & St Agric College, Burlington, Vermont
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