Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Biochemical toxicology of organophosphorous compounds.

Authors
Abou-Donia-MB
Source
Neurotoxicology 1985 Jan; 7(1):423-444
NIOSHTIC No.
00185751
Abstract
The toxicology of organophosphorus compounds was reviewed and discussed. Most of the organophosphorus chemicals in use have served as insecticides, acaricides, fungicides, or cotton defoliants. Most organophosphorus insecticides were contact poisons, but systemic organophosphorus insecticides were absorbed by plants. Some were used during World War-II as potential chemical warfare agents. Some have been used as treatment for glaucoma and to treat children's sleepwear, rendering it flame retardant. Other industrial uses included plasticizers and industrial fluids used in the application of wall coverings and in plasticized automotive upholstering. The action of these compounds through the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase was described. Signs and symptoms of acute poisoning, diagnosis, and treatment of organophosphorus poisoning were outlined. Information was provided concerning organophosphorus induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN), including mechanisms of OPIDN. The organophosphorus induced late acute effects was described and discussed.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Neurotoxic-effects; Organo-phosphorus-compounds; Agricultural-chemicals; Enzyme-activity; Nervous-system-disorders; Chemical-warfare-agents
Contact
Pharmacology Duke University Department of Pharmacology Durham, N C 27710
CODEN
NRTXDN
Publication Date
19850101
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Blum-K; Manzo-L
Funding Amount
1567389
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00823
ISSN
0161-813X
Priority Area
Neurotoxic Disorders; Neurotoxic-effects
Source Name
Neurotoxicology
State
NY; NC
Performing Organization
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
TOP