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Yale-NIOSH Occupational Stress Project.

Neale-MS; Singer-JA; Schwartz-JL; Schwartz-GE
Yale Psychophysiology Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1983 Mar:44 pages
Prototypic examples of stress interventions were identified, and and these selected intervention efforts were compared. After an extensive search, 80 union and corporate organizations were selected as broadly representative of the diverse approaches to stress reduction. These targeted groups were sent questionnaires concerning size, style, funding, and comprehensiveness of their stress reduction efforts. A second questionnaire was issued which focused less on stress management programs and more on stress prevention. Results indicated that little has been done to educate blue collar workers concerning workplace stressors of both a physical and psychological nature. Little time or money has been spent by either labor or corporate organizations toward training workers in how to change or cope with stressful conditions at work. In large corporations, stress management occupied only a small spot in extensive health promotion programs. Relaxation training, meditation, yoga, and social skills training were the usual course offerings in the corporate brochures. The most popular alternatives offered by corporations to assist in stress management were employee assistance programs and alcohol rehabilitation services. The most successful corporate offerings were build on input from employee/management teams at every level and solicited feedback. Sharp differences were noted between the labor union and labor advocacy groups perspective and the perspective of corporate heads regarding individual responsibility for stress alleviation.
NIOSH-Author; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Physiological-response; Psychological-factors; Coping-behavior; Occupational-health-programs; Worker-health;
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Yale Psychophysiology Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 44 pages, 18 references