A review of NIOSH psychological stress research--1977.
Smith-MJ; Colligan-MJ; Hurrell-JJ Jr.
NIOSH 1978 Mar; :26-36
Occupational stress research studies conducted by NIOSH were reviewed and discussed. The studies were designed to determine the number of stress related illnesses occurring in a wide variety of occupations. The major illnesses considered included coronary heart and artery disease, hypertension, ulcers, and nervous disorders. Health records used in data collection included death certificates, general hospital admissions, and mental health admissions. The data from the various studies were analyzed statistically to determine relative stress ratings for each occupation and for general occupational groups. Forty occupations with a high incidence of stress related diseases were identified. Twelve of these showed very significant incidence rates. These twelve were: laborers, secretaries, inspectors, clinical laboratory technicians, office managers, managers/administrators, foremen, waiters/waitresses, machine operators, farm owners, mine operators, and painters (nonartists). Occupational groups in which a high degree of stress related illnesses occurred included health care workers, blue collar skilled or technical workers, and human/public service workers. The authors conclude that the stress research program was helpful in identifying occupational stress hazards and in developing methods for reducing occupational stress related health problems.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-78-0647; Job-stress; Psychological-stress; Mental-stress; Health-care-personnel; Laboratory-workers; Office-workers; Technical-personnel; Epidemiology; Psychological-factors; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Nervous-system-disorder
Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the Conference on Occupational Stress, Los Angeles, November 3, 1977, Behavioral and Motivational Factors Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-156