Control of PCB's at the Local Governmental Level.
NIOSH 1978 Jun:271-278
The role of local government in the regulation of polychlorinated- biphenyls (1336363) (PCBs) was described, based on the case of local environmental dumping of PCBs by the Westinghouse Corporation from 1957 through 1976 in Bloomington, Indiana. Fluid containing high levels of PCBs used in transformers and capacitors produced by Westinghouse was discharged directly into an interceptor sewage line leading to the Winston-Thomas sewage treatment facility. Testing by the EPA and the Indiana State Board of Health in 1976 revealed a PCB concentration of between 2 and 6 parts per million (ppm) in effluent from Westinghouse's main sewer and a concentration of between 200 and 500ppm in dried sludge at the city sewage treatment plant. PCB concentrations in effluent entering a creek near the treatment plant and in fish in the creek ranged as high as 40 parts per billion. Related problems discussed included the contamination of milk by cows exposed to silage and water with high PCB content, the use of contaminated sludge as a soil conditioner for vegetable gardens and grazing lands, elevated PCB levels in tissues from sewage plant workers, the cost and environmental considerations of disposing the contaminated sludge, and economic and political pressures used by Westinghouse to limit local environmental and economic controls.
Environmental-pollution; Waste-disposal; Industrial-wastes; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Electrical-industry; Industrial-emissions; Environmental-exposure; Toxic-materials;
Occupational Safety and Health Symposia, 1977, Division of Technical Services, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-169