Principles and practices of industrial air standards.
NIOSH 1978 Jun; :190-204
The principles and practices of industrial air standards in the United States were discussed in relation to the evaluation of toxicologic, clinical, and epidemiological data and recommendations of NIOSH and the Threshold Limit Values (TLV) Committee of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 established NIOSH and charged the agency with the conduct of occupational health and safety research for new and improved standards, the transmission of recommended standards to OSHA, the furnishing of technical assistance to employers and employees in matters of occupational safety and health, and the development of professionals in the field. OSHA was charged with promulgating and enforcing standards, maintaining a national record keeping and reporting system, providing employer and employee education, and interfacing with state regulatory agencies. The ACGIH TLV Committee established recommended limits for toxic exposures that were used as guidelines by various states and were included in the Federal standards by OSHA. The operational practices of the two organizations were discussed in relation to monitoring and controlling worker exposure, environmental air monitoring, and specific problems of data acquisition. A selected list of referral services, government agencies, associations and organizations, and information sources was included.
NIOSH-Author; Air-contamination; Air-quality-monitoring; Regulations; Industrial-emissions; Organic-solvents; Toxic-vapors; Indoor-air-pollution; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-hygiene; Indoor-environmental-quality
Occupational Safety and Health Symposia, 1977, Division of Technical Services, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-169