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Strategies for Rural Health Care in Socialist Countries.

Authors
Roemer-MI
Source
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, 1978, International Association of Agricultural Medicine 1978 Sep:366-370
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00184081
Abstract
Strategies for providing rural health care in socialist countries were discussed. The nature of socialist health care systems was summarized. The basic feature of socialist medical care systems is their emphasis on centralized planning, as opposed to relying on free market dynamics. Components of a centralized planning system include determining needs, specifying goals, adjusting the goals to constraints imposed by economic resources, forecasting any anticipated social changes, scheduling short and long term objectives that are feasible, and taking the political decision to proceed. Social financing is considered a fundamental activity of a socialist medical care system. This insures that health care services become a right of citizenship, not a commodity dependent upon individual purchasing power. A high degree of organization is necessary to make the best use of available resources. It is considered important that the system be able to influence the behavior of both the providers and recipients of health services. The results of field studies of the rural medical care systems in Poland, Cuba, and the People's Republic of China were discussed. All three countries are making a concerted effort to expand the number of health care personnel and to set up a nationwide system of health care delivery.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Health-care-facilities; Medical-treatment; Agricultural-workers; Seasonal-activity; Health-protection; Sociological-factors; Occupational-health-programs; Health-care-personnel;
Contact
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Publication Date
19780917
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Funding Amount
24225.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1978
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R13-OH-00694
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other;
Source Name
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, 1978, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
State
UT; IA;
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
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