Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Studies of the Occupational Exposure of Field Workers to Insecticides.

Authors
Mull-RL; Kurtz-PH; Richards-DM; Winterlin-WL; Kilgore-WW; Kraus-JF; Borhani-NO; Akesson-NB
Source
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, 1978, International Association of Agricultural Medicine 1978 Sep:312-315
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00184075
Abstract
Procedures for conducting studies on the effects of occupational exposure to insecticides on field workers were discussed. The procedures were developed from the experience obtained while conducting a reentry study of the effects of exposure to anticholinesterase insecticides on workers thinning peaches in northern California and a study of workers harvesting grapes in the southern San Joaquin Valley. The primary means of detecting exposure was to monitor erythrocyte and plasma cholinesterase activity and urinary excretion of insecticide metabolites. Requirements for conducting a successful occupational monitoring study under field conditions were discussed. These include using workers who actually work in the field, not surrogates; utilizing a mobile clinic for conducting interviews and physical examinations and for collecting blood and urine samples; having a well equipped analytical chemistry laboratory with a staff trained in detecting low concentrations of pesticide residues; and an engineering team familiar with the types of application equipment being used. The authors also noted the importance of using an interdisciplinary team of scientists, ones that know both medical and agricultural science. Potential problems associated with field studies of occupational exposure to pesticides were described. These originate from having an inadequate number of participants to obtain statistically reliable data; not exercising rigid quality control in sample and medical data collection; and not having at least one medical team member who can talk with the subjects in their native language.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Epidemiology; Occupational-exposure; Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-workers; Occupational-health; Biological-monitoring; Enzyme-activity; Urinalysis;
Contact
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Publication Date
19780917
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Funding Amount
24225.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1978
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R13-OH-00694
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other;
Source Name
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, 1978, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
State
CA; UT; IA;
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
TOP