Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Membrane models for skin penetration studies.

Authors
Houk-J; Guy-RH
Source
Departments of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacy, Schools of Pharmacy and Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, 1987 Dec; :1-67
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00182754
Abstract
The results of research efforts into membrane models for skin penetration were reviewed. Eggshell membrane has been suggested as a model for human skin primarily because it consists of keratin. This membrane system was shown to contain both hydrated proteinaceous and lipoidal phases known to be present in stratum corneum, and was deemed potentially promising for skin transport studies. The use of two or more different membranes combined into a composite or laminate was investigated. A different approach was the use of a membrane composed of synthetic zeolites incorporated into a polystyrene matrix, but their future for skin transport studies did not appear promising. Experiments designed to assess how the skin permeability of phenol was changed by thermal injury indicated that solution phenomena were not able to provide a mechanism for the enhanced phenol permeability found with increased concentrations of phenol. The use of simple organic liquids as models for biological membranes has been suggested since the turn of this century. Early studies in this field involved evaluation of the kinetics of drug transfer through bulk organic phases. The rotating diffusion cell (RDC) was a relatively new method for characterizing transport phenomena which has been used in model skin penetration studies. Developments which have occurred during the last few years in this field were also reviewed.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Dermatitis; Skin-exposure; Skin-absorption; In-vitro-studies
Contact
Pharmacy University of California 926 Medical Sciences Building San Francisco, Calif 94143
Publication Date
19871201
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
93049
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-131239
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00017
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Dermatitis
Source Name
Departments of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacy, Schools of Pharmacy and Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California
TOP