Occupational skin diseases, United States. Results from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, 1973 through 1984.
Arch Dermatol 1988 Oct; 124(10):1519-1524
Based on the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses for the years 1973 through 1984, a study was conducted on the incidence rates, and number of cases for occupational skin diseases by major industrial division. The survey was based on a representative random probability sample of approximately 280,000 employers in private industry. Overall incidence rates and numbers of cases declined from 1973 through 1983 but increased slightly in 1984; the major industrial division of agriculture consistently had the highest rates, while manufacturing divisions had the highest numbers of cases. Skin diseases accounted for almost two thirds of all occupational illnesses within agriculture. A detailed analysis of occupational skin diseases recorded in the 1984 Annual Survey revealed that 11 industries ranked in the top 15 for both incidence rates and numbers of cases at the two digit Standard Industrial Classification level; four industries ranked in the top 15 for both indices at the four digit level. The authors conclude that the analysis has identified high risk industries for occupational skin diseases toward which research efforts should be directed to characterize those activities or exposures most responsible for the higher risks.
NIOSH-Author; Risk-factors; Occupational-health; Skin-diseases; Occupational-dermatitis; Occupational-diseases; Epidemiology; Disease-incidence
Archives of Dermatology