The Dust Explosion Problem in the United Kingdom.
Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Explosion Hazard Classification of Vapors, Gases, and Dusts, National Materials Advisory Board, Publication NMAB-447 1987:109-123
The dust explosion hazard in the United Kingdom (UK) was discussed. Legislation designed to deal with the dust explosion problem in the UK was considered. The Health and Safety at Work Act (HSWA) promulgated in 1974 made both the employer and employee liable for occupational safety and required that manufacturers that produce hazardous products, such as agents that could cause dust explosions, conduct research and testing to quantify the hazards of their products. The HSWA acts as an umbrella over the laws dealing with safety in factories, coal mines, explosive manufacturing, and other industries. Dust explosion statistics in the UK were summarized. Approximately 25 dust explosions serious enough to cause a shutdown or injury have occurred annually in the UK. These have resulted in one or two fatalities and 35 nonfatal injuries annually. Standards and guidelines applying to dusts and the use of electrical equipment in dusty atmospheres were discussed. Testing methods for measuring dust explosibility parameters were considered. The methods were derived from the legal requirements to determine whether a given dust can produce an explosion and to quantify its explosive properties so that protective methods can be designed.
Dust-explosions; Industrial-safety; Electrical-equipment; Laboratory-testing; Regulations; Explosion-prevention; Accident-statistics;
Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Explosion Hazard Classification of Vapors, Gases, and Dusts, National Materials Advisory Board, Publication NMAB-447