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Occupational injuries due to violence.

Hales-T; Seligman-PJ; Newman-SC; Timbrook-CL
J Occup Med 1988 Jun; 30(6):483-487
A study of occupational injuries due to violence was conducted. Records of the Bureau of Workers' Compensation of the State of Ohio for the period 1983 through 1985 were reviewed to identify all injuries resulting from occupational violent crime (OVC), defined as intentional battery, rape, or homicide. Victimization rates and relative risks were calculated by age and industry. A total of 259 cases of OVC, including 67 homicides, were identified. The claimants' ages ranged from 16 to 63 years. The 25 to 34 year old age group had the highest relative risk and the 45 to 54 year group the lowest. Seventy five percent of the victims were males. Firearms were used in 73 percent of the cases. Police officers and sheriffs, gasoline service station attendants, employees in the real estate industry, and hotel and motel employees had the highest risk of OVC injury. Police officers and hotel and motel employees had the highest risk of homicide. Convenience food store and real estate industry employees had the highest incidences of rape. Police officers and those employeed in private protection services had the lowest proportion of homicides to injuries, 11 and 14 percent, respectively. Fifty percent of the OVC injuries to hotel and motel employees resulted in death. A crosscheck of workers' compensation records with death certificates revealed that the workers' compensation records identified 61 percent of the occupational homicides. Most of the missing deaths were among self employed persons. The authors conclude that with the exception of police officers, private protection services, and real estate employees the occupations with elevated risks of OVC injury or death are in the service sector of the economy and involve handling direct exchanges of cash for services or products. Workers' compensation records in addition to identifying victims of OVC can be used to monitor the effectiveness of intervention programs.
NIOSH-Author; Epidemiology; Risk-analysis; Policemen; Mortality-rates; Age-factors; Service-station-attendants
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Journal of Occupational Medicine