Research leads from occupational mortality data.
Burnett-C; Dubrow-R; Rosenberg-H
NIOSH 1988; :229-258
A study was made to verify the feasibility of listing by code the occupation and industry of individuals on their death certificates. Training of individuals for coding such information has expanded in recent years. Publications have been made available which include instructions for such coding and quality control efforts are being made. Two computer software packages have been developed which support the coding and analysis of death certificate data. Through an interagency agreement with NIOSH, the National Cancer Institute has allocated funds for reimbursement of selected states for coded industry and occupation data. Two NIOSH death certificate based surveillance studies have been conducted to demonstrate the types of results which can be expected using this information and to secure possible areas for further research. Some of the information from these two studies indicated a risk of malignant melanoma in the printing industry with possible factors including the exposure to ultraviolet radiation through photoengraving, lithographic plate making, and the curing of ink; suicide in social workers, perhaps due to unusual amounts of stress in the work environment; and acute myocardial infarction in police officers perhaps resulting from stress (both physical and psychological), and exposure to automobile exhaust. NonHodgkin's lymphoma, leukemia, and aplastic anemia were noted among women working in the textile industry while men demonstrated increased occurrences of nonmalignant respiratory disease. Workers in the textile industry have been exposed to a multitude of chemicals as well as airborne dusts.
Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Cancer-rates; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Policemen; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Dust-inhalation; Organic-solvents; Printing-industry
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Disease and Injury; Pulmonary-system-disorders
Proceedings of the Fourth NCI/EPA/NIOSH Collaborative Workshop: Progress on Joint Environmental and Occupational Cancer Studies, April 22-23, 1986, Rockville, Maryland, NIH Publication No. 88-2960