Safety and Human Factor Considerations in Robotics.
Autofact '86, Detroit, Michigan, November 12-14, 1986, Computer and Automated Systems Association of Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Michigan, 1986 Nov:8 pages
An overview of the research strategy of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for identifying and reducing the safety hazards of industrial robotic systems was presented. The NIOSH Division of Safety Research's robotic research program was based on the assumption that shortening the interval between the initial utilization of robots and the initial utilization of appropriate safeguards would decrease the risk of injury and death for workers exposed to robot associated hazards. The goals of the program were to identify research needs; design, develop, and conduct research projects; and report research findings. The investigation of one robot related fatality was detailed; the victim had been overseeing a robotized diecasting workstation and inspecting finished castings. He apparently entered the workstation to remove scrap metal while the robot was still in operation; pathology of injuries was unknown. NIOSH recommendations were made after evaluation of the accident with regard to workstation design, employee training, and management participation; recommendations to prevent robot related traumatic injuries included careful design of robotic workstations, thorough employee training, and management initiative to enforce safe work practices.
Industrial-safety; Safety-education; Safety-engineering; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Equipment-design; Industrial-safety-programs; Automation; Workplace-studies;
Autofact '86, Detroit, Michigan, November 12-14, 1986, Computer and Automated Systems Association of Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Michigan, 8 pages, 8 references