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HHE report: HETA-81-128-1107, Janesville Products, Brodhead, Wisconsin.

Authors
Almaguer-D; Kramkowski-R; Orris-P
Source
NIOSH 1982 May; :1-24
NIOSHTIC No.
00178939
Abstract
In response to a request from the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, an evaluation was made of potential hazards existing at Janesville Products (SIC-2531), Brodhead, Wisconsin. Particular attention was given to toluene-diisocyanate (584849) (TDI), methylene-bisphenyl-isocyanate (101688) (MDI), and methylene- chloride (75092) exposures. This facility was involved in the production of polyurethane foams, particularly seats for the automotive industry. TDI concentrations in personal breathing samples ranged from not detectable to 0.001 parts per million (ppm). Area air samples in the repair room showed TDI ranging from 0.004 to 0.006ppm. MDI was not detectable in any sample. Methylene- chloride concentrations in the ceiling ranged from 5.8 to 399ppm. Time weighted average values for long term samples of methylene- chloride ranged from 4.7 to 39.5ppm. The repair area showed carbon- monoxide (630080) concentrations of about 25ppm. Shortness of breath was reported by 34 percent of the interviewed employees. Pulmonary function tests were within the normal range for all individuals tested. A decrease in Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second of over 10 percent was noted among three employees over the course of their shift. The mean blood carbon-monoxide levels were 2.53 percent before and 2.67 percent following the shift. The authors conclude that a potential toxic exposure to the combined effects of methylene-chloride and carbon-monoxide was alleviated through engineering controls. The authors recommend specific measures to control exposures, including measures concerning personal hygiene, work practices, health and safety programs, the ventilation system, personal protective equipment, medical surveillance, and exposure monitoring.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-81-128-1107; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Cyanates; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-irritants; Organic-vapors; Solvents
CAS No.
584-84-9; 101-68-8; 75-09-2; 630-08-0
Publication Date
19820501
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-141845
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-81-128-1107
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
SIC Code
2531
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-81-128-1107, 24 pages, 17 references
State
WI; OH
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