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Preventing Electrocutions: NIOSH Recommendations.

Authors
Millar-JD
Source
National Safety Council, Electronic and Electrical Equipment Newsletter, 1986, :1 page
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00178170
Abstract
A case history of electrocution of an 18 year old male worker in a fast food restaurant, and NIOSH recommendations to prevent such incidents in the future in commercial restaurants, were presented. The worker died by electrocution in 1984 while kneeling on a damp floor to insert the plug of a portable electric toaster into a 100 to 120 volt, 20 ampere, outlet. The victim was found convulsing with one hand on the plug and the other on the receptacle box. Because of difficulty in locating the appropriate circuit breaker, the victim was in contact with the electricity for 3 to 8 minutes. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by fellow workers and members of an emergency rescue squad were unsuccessful. Investigators from NIOSH determined that while the victim was inserting the plug into the receptacle with his right hand and holding open the grounded metal receptacle cover with his left hand, his right index finger touched an energized prong of the plug. NIOSH recommended that ground fault circuit interrupters of the breaker or receptacle type be installed in situations where electricity and wetness coexist, that exposed receptacle boxes be made of nonconductive material, that plugs and receptacles be designed to prevent energizing until completion of insertion, that all circuit breaker or fuse boxes bear identifying labels, that workers be made aware of electrical hazards and safe work practices, and that workers be encouraged to train in CPR.
Keywords
Electrical-shock; Electrical-hazards; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-safety-programs; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention;
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Source Name
National Safety Council, Electronic and Electrical Equipment Newsletter, 1986, 1 page
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