Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Epidemiology of work-related back pain.

Authors
Jensen-RC
Source
Top Acute Care Trauma Rehabil 1988 Jan; 2(3):1-15
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00176762
Abstract
Job factors that affect risk of back pain were reviewed. Prevalence measures have been used to categorize the proportion of individuals with back pain. These measures include lifetime prevalence, period prevalence, and point prevalence according to the time frame. The frequency of back pain episodes is characterized by incidence ratio, incidence rate, and incidence density. Several studies that varied in methods, measures, and population have shown that jobs requiring very stressful manual load handling are associated with larger incidence rates of back pain than jobs with less stressful back load requirements. Four studies found that workers who must use most of their strength to perform the job were more likely to develop back problems than those who use less strength. Workers in jobs with high accident rates were found more likely to develop back problems. Traumatic events were found to contribute substantially to the incidence of work related back pain. Jobs that require nearly all standing or sitting postures were found to be associated with larger point prevalence of back pain. The increase could be attributed to other factors, such as vibration and impact, depending on the occupation. Pushing, pulling, carrying, asymmetric lifting and lowering, twisting, and bending have been implicated in back injuries. The author concludes that the following occupational factors are associated with increased incidence of back pain: general heavy work, frequent manual load handling, occasional very stressful load handling, load handling near one's strength capacity, accidents, and prolonged standing and sitting.
Keywords
Back-injuries; Posture; Job-stress; Muscle-stress; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Risk-factors; Epidemiology; Materials-handling; Occupational-hazards
Publication Date
19880101
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Acute care and trauma rehabilitation; TACTR
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0885-971X
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Topics in Acute Care and Trauma Rehabilitation
State
WV
TOP