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A study of occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs and fetal loss in nurses.

Authors
Selevan-SG; Lindbohm-L; Hornung-RW; Hemminki-K
Source
N Engl J Med 1985 Nov; 313(19):1173-1178
NIOSHTIC No.
00175517
Abstract
A case/control study was conducted to determine a possible relationship between fetal loss and exposure to antineoplastic drugs among nurses employed in 17 Finnish hospitals between 1973 and 1980. The study was limited to 124 nurses for whom fetal losses occurred and detailed pregnancy data was available and their 321 matched comparisons. Exposures over the entire pregnancy period were not linked to fetal loss. However, a study of exposure to antineoplastic drugs during the first trimester was positively linked with fetal loss; women with first trimester exposure were more than twice as likely to experience fetal loss. Specific drugs were also identified as being positively associated with fetal loss, including cyclophosphamide (50180), doxorubicin (23214928), and vincristine (57227), but it was not possible to separate them as exposure to more than one of these drugs was high. Mean gestation was slightly shorter for fetal losses among exposed women as compared with fetal losses among unexposed women. The authors recommend that specific precautionary measures be developed for the handling of these toxic but extremely useful medical agents.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Health-care-personnel; Chemotherapy; Antineoplastic-agents; Reproductive-system-disorders; Fetus; Transplacental-exposure; Short-term-exposure
CODEN
NEJMAG
CAS No.
50-18-0; 23214-92-8; 57-22-7
Publication Date
19851107
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
19
ISSN
0028-4793
Priority Area
Fertility and Pregnancy Abnormalities; Disease and Injury; Reproductive-system-disorders
Source Name
New England Journal of Medicine
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