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HHE Report No. HETA-87-288-1828, Henry Ford High School, Detroit, Michigan.

Authors
Crandall-MS
Source
NIOSH 1987 Aug:12 pages
NIOSHTIC No.
00175429
Abstract
In response to a request from teachers in the Henry Ford High School (SIC-8211) located in Detroit, Michigan, a study was made of possible malfunctions of polychlorinated biphenyl (1336363) (PCB) containing fluorescent light ballasts which were suspected of being causally related to increased occurrences of respiratory symptoms, sore throats, and headaches. Surface wipe samples and air samples were analyzed in four classrooms where complaints had originated and in three reference rooms where no symptoms had been reported. No levels of PCB air concentrations were found exceeding 0.1 microgram/cubic meter (microg/m3) in any reference room. In three of four index rooms, PCB concentrations were recorded at 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4microg/m3, which were below the NIOSH recommended exposure level (1microg/m3 time weighted average). Surface wipe samples from student and teacher desk tops averaged 1.3 micrograms per square meter (microg/m2), with a maximum of 2.4microg/m2. On low contact surfaces, PCB concentrations ranged from 1.6 to 9.2microg/m2. The authors suggest that occupational exposure limits may not be appropriate for this population, which contains many adolescents for whom exposure should be kept to an absolute minimum. The authors recommend that all PCB containing fluorescent light ballasts be replaced with ballasts not containing PCBs. Special interim precautions are recommended in the event of a PCB containing ballast failing before it can be replaced.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HETA-87-288-1828; Region-5; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Teaching; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Lighting-systems;
CAS No.
1336-36-3;
Publication Date
19870801
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-162771
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-87-288-1828
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
SIC Code
8211;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-87-288-1828, 12 pages, 9 references
State
MI; OH;
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