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Are coal miners at increased risk for scar cancer?

Authors
Vallyathan-V; Althouse-R; Green-FH; Boyd-C; Rodman-N
Source
Chest 1987 Mar; 91(suppl):2-3
NIOSHTIC No.
00174880
Abstract
In order to assess the association of fibrosis with lung cancer, case control methodology was used to compare the type and severity of pneumoconiosis in the lungs of coal miners having primary lung cancer with that of coal miners not having lung cancer. The association of site of origin of lung tumor with coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) was tested by comparing the lobar positions of tumors to the presence or absence of CWP within the lung cancer cases. Comparison of the type of CWP in coal miners with and without lung cancer showed that, overall, 84 percent of the lung cancer cases had either simple or complicated CWP as opposed to 66 percent in the controls. There was a statistically significant relationship between lung cancer and simple CWP and a slight, but nonsignificant, increase of severe CWP in the lung cancer cases.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Carcinomas; Carcinogenicity; Industrial-dusts; Industrial-hazards; Occupational-hazards; Fibrogenicity; Pulmonary-disorders
CODEN
CHETBF
Publication Date
19870301
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
suppl
ISSN
0012-3692
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Chest
State
WV
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