An overview of studies on workplace stress and the design of management programs were discussed. It was noted that job stress has been estimated to cost American industry 150 billion dollars annually as assessed by absenteeism, diminished productivity, compensation claims, health insurance, and direct medical expenses. Negative stress situations have been implicated in the development of somatic diseases such as cancer and heart conditions, while positive stressful stimuli such as accomplishment, social support, and the feeling of being in control were noted as healthful stimuli. The causes of stress at the worksite were discussed, and available stress management programs for workers were reviewed. The programs utilized three techniques: physiological techniques (muscular relaxation), cognitive training (behavioral modification), and physical fitness. Different aspects of stress management programs were evaluated. It was pointed out that due to their imprecise character and lack of comparison groups, it was difficult to obtain proof of the success of the programs. Several academic and nonacademic institutions involved in stress management programs were noted and their observations discussed. The authors conclude that both the Federal Government and private companies have obtained results that indicate that a relatively small expenditure may provide large cost and health benefits in this area.