Cost Effective Data for Preventive Health Programs in Occupational Health Nursing.
NIOSH 1987 Jul:88-93
Establishing justifications for disease prevention and health promotion programs in the workplace was discussed. Medical care expenditures in the United States in 1980 were estimated to be more than 1000 dollars per person or 9.4 percent of the gross national product (GNP) and are projected to be 3300 dollars per person by 1990 or 10.8 percent of the GNP. It has been estimated that business and industry are paying over half of these costs. Occupational health professionals must be knowledgeable enough to be able to deal effectively with the problem of rising health care costs but at the same time be able to promote an improved quality of life for the workers. Studies have shown that most of the accidents and illnesses that workers experience are preventable or can be reduced significantly by early intervention. Types of occupational and nonoccupational health problems that are suitable for prevention programs were discussed. Occupational problems that can be handled by preventive health measures include noise induced hearing loss, dermatitis, and dust and organic solvent exposures. Nonoccupational problems include heart disease, cancer, stroke, and cirrhosis. Selling management and the workers on the need for prevention and health promotion programs represents an important challenge for the occupational health nurse. To accomplish this, the occupational health nurse must do the initial investigation to obtain data, evaluate costs, and present the findings to the company decision makers.
Occupational-health-nursing; Employees; Employee-health; Occupational-health-programs; Health-care-personnel; Disease-prevention; Health-protection; Occupational-hazards;
Proceedings of the National Occupational Health Nursing Symposium: State of the Art and Directions for the Future, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 1-3, 1983