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Ergonomics in Occupational Safety.

Authors
Chaffin-DB
Source
NIOSH 1982 Feb:91-101
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00171002
Abstract
The roles of ergonomics and injury epidemiology in occupational safety are discussed, and illustrated utilizing a category of accidents referred to as "falls from elevated work surfaces". Ergonomics deals with the interactions between persons, tasks and environments, and relies on the knowledge of how various types of interactions can (1) limit performance, and (2) result in worker harm in chronic or acute ways. The human physical and mental responses that must be anticipated to design safe work environments are predictable by ergonomic principles, but not generally understood by safety professionals. The "5-Year Occupational Safety Research Document - A NIOSH Strategy" plan of action was criticized for allocating insufficient funds for ergonomic studies. As planned, funding for safety research would amount to about two cents per worker per year. Investigations into falls from elevated work surfaces lead the author to the conclusion that at least one half million dollars should be allocated to each of seven suggested ergonomic oriented investigations required to understand and prevent such falls.
Keywords
Worker-health; Industrial-safety-programs; Industrial-education; Workplace-studies; Human-factors-engineering; Occupational-hazards; Work-performance; Occupational-accidents;
Publication Date
19820201
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 82-103
Priority Area
Infectious Diseases; Disease and Injury;
Source Name
Proceedings of the Symposium on Occupational Safety Research and Education, January, 1981, DHHS(NIOSH) Publication No. 82-103
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