Pulmonary reactions to miscellaneous mineral dusts, man-made mineral fibers, and miscellaneous pneumoconioses.
A review of occupationally related mineral pneumoconioses is provided for aluminum (569584), antimony (7440360), barium (7440393), cobalt (7440484), iron (7439896), silver (7440224), iron dust mixtures, bakolite, manganese (7439965), titanium (7440326), vanadium (7440622), tin (7440315), tungsten-carbide (12070121), fibrous glass and man made fibers, zirconium (7440677), and rare earths. Pneumoconiosis is defined as the presence of inhaled dust in the lungs and the reaction of nonneoplastic tissue to that dust. The miscellaneous pneumoconioses as a group were estimated by the author to affect a working population of ten million. Problems identifying affected individuals are related to the small number of workers involved in any one operation and chest radiographic alterations not associated with medical disability or symptomology. The author noted that the number of workers exposed to causative agents will continue to increase due to increasing demand for the agents themselves. Each group of causative agents is described with respect to primary sources, manufacturing processes, occupations and industries involved, epidemiology, estimates of population exposed, pathology and clinical description of the pneumoconioses, diagnostic criteria, methods of prevention, and research needs. Separate bibliographies for each category are included.
Occupational Respiratory Diseases. J. A. Merchant, Editor; Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 86-102