Need for Occupational Safety Research and Education.
NIOSH 1982 Feb:201-213
Improvements in health that have occurred over the past several decades were discussed in terms of the workplace environment. Statistics show that accidents in the workplace produce a significant fraction of premature mortality for Americans across a wide age spectrum. Improper allocation of limited federal financial resources were discussed. While inadequacies in the medical care delivery system accounted for only about 10 percent of preventable deaths in 1976, they attracted 80 percent of the money spent by the federal government on health. Even though unhealthy lifestyles cause more than one half of current mortality, their study and programs to reduce them accounted for less than 1 percent of federal health expenditures. The author recommends the following: epidemiologic correlation, analysis and interpretation of data available on occupational injuries; comprehensive reporting of occupational injuries; initiation of epidemiological investigations into accident cause; and taking aggressive action when such analysis, reporting and discovery of accident causation has been completed for individual accident types. The economic implications inherent in occupational safety research makes accuracy in reported data extremely important. Such implications also lead to increased challenge of experimental data compared to that derived in other fields of endeavor.
NIOSH-Author; Worker-health; Industrial-safety; Industrial-environment; Health-standards; Accident-statistics; Safety-measures; Safety-practices;
Symposium on Occupational Safety Research and Education, Division of Safety Research and Division of Training and Manpower Development, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 82-103