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The quality of respirator programs: an analysis from OSHA compliance data.

Authors
Rosenthal-FS; Paull-JM
Source
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1985 Dec; 46(12):709-715
NIOSHTIC No.
00169427
Abstract
The quality of various respiratory programs was evaluated in typical workplaces. The history of compliance with the OSHA standard concerning use of respirators was reviewed. The frequency and distribution of violations of these standards was presented, and implications for the effectiveness of respirator programs was considered. Most of the analysis was confined to health inspections conducted in the manufacturing industries between October of 1976 to September of 1982. In 55.6 percent of the cases where respirators were used to protect employees from excessive levels of air contaminants, the programs for respiratory protection were deficient in one or more elements. This brought about increased potential for exposure to employees. The overall level of compliance with the standard in the manufacturing industries did not improve significantly over the course of this study even though extensive work was undertaken by OSHA to enforce the respirator standard. However, the lower citation rate in follow up inspections indicated that compliance activity was effective in improving respirator programs in the workplaces where violations were cited. It is recommended that increased surveillance of respirator programs be made through employer initiatives along with OSHA enforcement and consultations, and that monitoring of inhalation exposure of respirator users be used to check the effectiveness of the respirator program where possible.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Inhalants; Workplace-studies; Standards; Personal-protective-equipment; Safety-programs
CODEN
AIHAAP
Publication Date
19851201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
38560
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T15-OH-07090
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0002-8894
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
State
MD
Performing Organization
Environmental Health Sciences Johns Hopkins University 615 North Wolfe Street Baltimore, MD 21205
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